Unicase proved its effectiveness in reviewing, amending, and developing national legislation and regulations for heat supply, including taxation and heat tariffs. The heat power sector includes public district heating systems, autonomous heat supply systems (centralised and individual), as well as utilisation systems for heat surplus formed during industrial processes.

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Drafting Renewable Technology-Inclusive Heat Supply Legislation
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The Team analysed the Law “On Electric Power Supply”, Law “On Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency”, Law “On Natural Monopolies and Regulated Markets”, Budget Code of Kazakhstan, and a number of other laws. We introduced the best international practices, including policy stability, tax incentives, effective tariff methodologies, international heat supply system models, and new models for the domestic market, drawing out a clear picture of existing legal gaps and barriers for the sector. We also assessed different scenarios of the sector development.

We worked on the Law draft on Heat Supply including the amendments to the existing laws and acts regulating the sector, as well as technical standards, tariff methodology, and heating development planning. The Experts established regulatory framework and incentive scheme for renewable sources utilisation and energy efficiency standards improvement in the sector.
The heating sector requires huge reforms, and Unicase is on a mission to contribute to the most effective and reasonable reformations and technology update; otherwise, the country's northern regions will suffer from cold.
An innovative part of the Project is to prepare and adopt of legislation to set the heat supply sector on the way to recovery, economic viability, technical efficiency, and sustainability. A hindrance here is that the Kazakhstan Republic, at the legislative level, has little to no regulatory basis which would have otherwise established a valid legal framework for regulating thermal energy and the entire set of relations in the field. The absence of a controlling agency responsible for the conditions, technical policies, and developments of heat supply systems adds to the already complex nature of the Project.
Impact & Outcome
As the Project outcome, strong regulatory body and sound legal framework for the industry will help the development of the systems, attract more investment, and bring out the idea of the primacy of heat power among other technologies in sustainable and socially oriented development. All in all, our work will result in the more extensive use of renewable energy sources and in the enhancement of clean technologies.
Cases